26th of January, 2023

The Indian Constitution was adopted on Republic Day. The Drafting Committee, which was led by Dr. BR Ambedkar, created the Indian Constitution, which was adopted on January 26, 1950. The Drafting Committee considered nearly 7,600 proposed amendments to the constitution before rejecting 2,400 of them.

  An essential national holiday in India is Republic Day. Every year, it is marked by a lot of fanfare and spectacle. 74 years have passed since India's founding of its republic. Republic Day honors the spirit of independent India. In order to commemorate the founding of the Indian Constitution, the nation observes it as a national holiday.

  On November 26, 1949, during the Constituent Assembly's final meeting, the Constitution was approved. It was signed by 284 members and went into effect on January 26, 1950. India's status as an independent republic is affirmed by the Indian Constitution. Following the Constitution's adoption on January 26, 1950, India proclaimed itself to be a Sovereign, Democratic, and Republic state.

Why is Republic day in India celebrated on the 26th of January?

The date of January 26 was chosen because it was on this day in 1930 that the Indian National Congress unveiled Purna Swaraj, which rejected the British Regime's Dominion status and declared India's independence from colonial rule. 

 The British colonial Government of India Act (1935) was replaced as the governing document of India by the constitution. The Preamble to the Constitution of India, which outlines the fundamental tenets of the Constitution, went into effect on January 26, 1950

The nation's conversion to a sovereign republic was thus complete. All citizens of this nation are guaranteed certain fundamental rights, which are outlined in the Constitution. Additionally, it establishes fundamental obligations that all country residents must follow.

The present-day Republic day

On January 26, 2023, Kartavya Path in Delhi will host a celebration of Republic Day. Millions of Indians watch the Republic Day parade on television from their homes. The newly built Kartavya Path, formerly known as Rajpath, is where the Republic Day parade in 2023 will start this year.

Millions of Indians will be able to watch the parade from the comfort of their homes thanks to the live broadcast on news channels and radio stations. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, President Droupadi Murmu, and other prominent figures will stroll along the Kartavya Path on January 26. This year, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, the president of Egypt, will attend the 74th Republic Day festivities as the chief guest.

The flag-unfurling ceremony will kick off Republic Day 2023 celebrations. The nation's flag will be hoisted by President Droupadi Murmu.

On January 26, bands will play at Kartavya Path as the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force march alongside their regiments. Following this, state tableaux showcasing their culture would be presented.

How do we celebrate Republic day?

A crucial component of the Republic Day celebrations is the ceremony of beating the retreat. The magnificent celebration culminates the four days of Republic Day celebrations. The ceremony features performances by the bands of the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. On television, you can see both the Republic Day Parade and the Beating the Retreat ceremony. These events can be witnessed live as well.

India Day parade in Delhi.

The Ministry of Defence organizes the Delhi Republic Day parade, which takes place in the nation's capital, New Delhi. The main event of India's Republic Day celebrations, which lasts for three days, starts at the gates of Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence) and moves toward Raisina Hill on Rajpath past the India Gate. The parade displays India's cultural, social, and military prowess.

In addition to the Navy and Air Force, nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army march past with their bands dressed in official regalia. Taking the salute is the President of India, who also serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The parade also features twelve contingents from various paramilitary organizations in India as well as police units.

Distribution of prizes

Every year, the Padma Awards are given out by the Indian President on the eve of Republic Day for Indian citizens. Following Bharat Ratna, these are India's highest civilian honors. These accolades are presented in three categories, namely: In decreasing order of significance, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri.

Award for "exceptional and distinguished service," Padma Vibhushan. The second-highest civilian honor in India is the Padma Vibhushan.

for "distinguished service of a high order," Padma Bhushan. India's third-highest civilian honor is the Padma Bhushan.

Award of the Padma Shri for "distinguished service.". The Padma Shri is India's fourth-highest civilian honor.

The Padma awards are national honors, but they do not come with financial perks, advantages, or unique rail or air travel privileges. No titles or honorifics are connected to the Bharat Ratna or any of the Padma awards, and honorees are prohibited from using them or their initials as suffixes, prefixes, or pre-and post-nominals attached to the awardee's name, according to a Supreme Court of India ruling from December 1995. Any such use on letterheads, invitation cards, posters, books, etc. is prohibited. When an award is misused, the recipient forfeits the honor and is warned not to do so after receiving it.

Sanad (a Certificate) bearing the President's signature and a Medallion make up the decoration. A replica of the medallion is also given to the recipients, which they may wear at official ceremonies or other occasions. Should they so choose? On the day of the investiture ceremony, a commemorative brochure is also made public, which provides a brief biography of each award recipient.

Beating Retreat.

Following the official declaration of the Republic Day celebrations' conclusion, the Beating Retreat ceremony is held. It takes place on the evening of January 29, which is the third day after Republic Day. The bands from the three military branches, the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, perform it. At the end of Rajpath, near Raisina Hill and Vijay Chowk, the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace)'s North and South blocks, are where the event will take place.

The President of India is the function's chief guest, and he is escorted there by a cavalry unit known as the President's Bodyguard (PBG). The Army then begins to play the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, after the PBG commander instructs the unit to give the National Salute when the President arrives. In addition to bands from the Navy and Air Force, the Army creates the ceremony of display by the massed bands, in which Military Bands, Pipe and Drum Bands, Buglers, and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments participate. These bands perform well-known songs like Abide With Me, Mahatma Gandhi's favorite hymn, and Saare Jahan Se Achcha at the conclusion.

History of India for the Republic day.

Following the Indian independence movement, India was freed from the British Raj on August 15, 1947. The British Parliament's passage of the Indian Independence Act of 1947, which divided British India into two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later the Commonwealth of Nations), was the primary means by which the country attained its independence.

George VI served as the country's head of state and Earl Mountbatten served as governor-general when India became a constitutional monarchy on August 15, 1947. The nation, however, lacked a permanent constitution at the time; instead, its laws were based on the rewritten colonial Government of India Act of 1935.

The Drafting Committee was established on August 29, 1947, with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar serving as its chairman and the task of drafting a permanent constitution. While India celebrates its independence from British rule on Independence Day, it celebrates the implementation of its constitution on Republic Day.

The committee created a draft constitution, which it presented to the Constituent Assembly on November 4th, 1947.

Before the Assembly approved the Constitution, it convened for 166 days in open sessions that lasted two years, 11 months, and 18 days. On January 24, 1950, after much deliberation and some changes, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document (one in Hindi and one in English).

It went into effect across the country two days later, on January 26, 1950. That day marked the start of Dr. Rajendra Prasad's first term as president of the Indian Union. In accordance with the transitional provisions of the new Constitution, the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India. [5] The President gives a speech to the country the night before Republic Day.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar discussed the advantages and drawbacks of life after January 26, 1950, in his final address to the Constituent Assembly on November 25, 1949.

We are about to embark on a life filled with contradictions on January 26th, 1950. Equality will exist in politics, but inequality will exist in social and economic life. One man, one vote, and one vote, one value will be recognized in politics. We will continue to reject the one man, one value principle in our social and economic life as a result of our social and economic structure. How long will we continue to live a life of contradictions, deny equality in our social and economic lives, and continue to live in such a way that puts our political democracy in danger? The Assembly's laboriously constructed political democracy will be destroyed if this contradiction is not resolved as soon as possible by those who are harmed by inequality.



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